Recognising gender on birth certificates and exploring a gender registration process for people born overseas

Consultation closed on 25 July 2022

We consulted on:

  • key details that will underpin the self-identification process to recognise gender on birth certificates; and
  • a gender registration process for people born overseas, who do not have a New Zealand birth certificate.

Read more about the Consultation process (31 October 2022)

Self-identification process to recognise gender on birth certificates

A self-identification process for people to amend the sex on their New Zealand birth certificate was enacted in December 2021.

The self-identification process will be available from mid-2023, and is especially important to transgender, intersex and takatāpui people. This self-identification process will replace the Family Court process for amending sex on birth certificates.

We are analysing feedback on options for three key details of the self-identification process:

  • the sex and gender markers, other than male and female, to be available when amending birth certificates;
  • who can be a third party to support applications for youth and children; and
  • if any additional requirements should apply when a person applies to change their name and sex more than once.

Any submissions revisiting the self-identification provisions will not be considered. The decision to have a self-identification process is already enacted in law.

Process for people born overseas to register their gender

The self-identification process to amend New Zealand birth certificates will not be available to people born overseas.

Earlier this year, the Government committed to pursuing solutions for people born overseas (see Government Response to the Report of the Governance and Administrative Committee).

Te Tari Taiwhenua is working to understand more about gender registration for people born overseas, ahead of exploring potential solutions. What we learn about the issues faced by transgender, intersex and takatāpui people born overseas will help us to develop solutions which work in the context of New Zealand’s identity system. In New Zealand’s identity system people use a range of documents as evidence of their identity since New Zealand has no national identity document.

We are analysing feedback on the scope of the problem. Particularly on:

  • who will access a process for registering their gender;
  • why it is important to register a gender as a standalone process; and
  • how people anticipate using evidence of their registered gender.

Consultation process

Submissions have been received.

Consultation closed on 25 July 2022 and we received 46 submissions. The submissions are being analysed and will help to inform final policy decisions for the self-identification process. You can find a summary of the submissions here:

Summary of Submissions (PDF, 340KB)

Submissions from organisations are provided below:

Consultation submissions

Submissions may be requested under the Official Information Act 1982. Personal details can be withheld under the Act, including your name, address, and medical information.

Consultation material

The self-identification regulations and registering gender for people born overseas - A public discussion document

Full Discussion Document [PDF, 723KB]
Quick read – sex markers other than male and female [PDF, 147KB]
Quick read – suitably qualified third parties [PDF, 146KB]
Quick read – additional requirements for multiple applications [PDF, 145KB]
Quick read – registering gender for people born overseas [PDF, 143KB]

Targeted engagement meetings

In June and July 2022 we hosted a series of online meetings with the intended users of the self-identification process, and those who are the intended users of a process for people born overseas to register a gender. 

Further information about our approach to engagement is set out in our engagement strategy [PDF, 263KB]

Next steps

Indicative timing for the self-identification regulations

Below is an indicative timeline for developing the details of the self-identification process:

Mid to late 2022: Consider views from engagement and refine details for self-identification process. Early 2023: Finalise details for self-identification process. Mid 2023: Self-identification process to amend sex on New Zealand birth certificates goes live.


If you have any questions about the next steps, or the proposals in the discussion document, please email us at