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10. Tāpiritanga E

Appendix E - Glossary

Ngā kupu Māori
Māori words

Other words and terms

Ngā kupu Māori

Māori words






Individual tribal hui



Iwi whare taonga

A storehouse for iwi treasures and knowledge

Kaupapa Māori

Māori subject matters

Mana whenua

Tribal authority over land

Māra kai

Food garden




Knowledge, stories and traditional practices


Original home, home base, village, communal Māori land


Traditional stories through storytelling


A traditional Māori term meaning ‘intimate companion of the same sex.’ It has been reclaimed to embrace all Māori who identify with diverse genders, sexualities and sex characteristics.

Taonga/Taonga Māori

Treasures/Māori treasures

Tikanga Māori

Māori customary practices or behaviours


Regional hui by waka


Group seminar, learning session


Formal speech; to make a formal speech

Other words and terms




An appropriation is a sum of money allocated for a particular use and includes a description of what is being purchased, why it is being purchased and how performance will be assessed. It authorises Ministers to consume public resources, and ensures that Parliament knows how money will be spent and that the Government is held accountable for the spending.

Types of appropriations include:

  • Annual appropriation – this is the most common type of appropriation and is limited to one financial year, consistent with the annual Budget cycle.
  • Multi-Category Appropriation (MCA) – MCAs consist of two or more categories of spending within a single appropriation that contribute to a single overarching purpose.
  • Multi-Year Appropriation (MYA) – MYAs allow expenses or capital expenditure to be incurred during a specified period of no more than five financial years. MYAs are generally used where uncertainties or dependencies are likely to affect when costs are incurred (for example, milestone payments for a multi-year project).
  • Permanent Legislative Authority (PLA) – PLAs are authorised by legislation other than an Appropriation Act and continue in effect for an indefinite period. Generally, the authorising legislation will impose limits on the scope of the appropriation and not its amount.

Departmental expenses

Expenses incurred by Te Tari Taiwhenua in delivering services and functions on behalf of the Government.

Estimates of Appropriation

The Government’s approved set of appropriations for a year. They are approved and published before the start of the financial year to which they relate.

ISO 14064-1:2018

ISO 14064-1:2018 is a document that specifies principles and requirements at the organisation level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It outlines guidelines for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organisation’s GHG inventory.

Non-departmental expenses

Expenses incurred by entities other than Te Tari Taiwhenua in delivering services and functions on behalf of the Government.

Scope of appropriation

The scope of an appropriation establishes the legal boundary of what an appropriation can be used for and, by omission, what it cannot.

Social capital

Social connections, attitudes and norms that contribute to societal wellbeing by promoting coordination and collaboration between people and groups in society.

Supplementary Estimates of Appropriation

The Government’s approved changes to appropriations within a financial year.

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