Minimising harm and maximising community benefit

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(Updated: 6 November 2023)

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Updated Legislation to Minimise Gambling Harm

The Government has announced new regulations the Gambling Harm Prevention and Minimisation Amendment Regulations 2023 (Legislation website) to strengthen gambling harm minimisation in class 4 venues.

For more information, see Reducing Pokies Harm

Gambling host responsibilities

Gambling host responsibility

Venues which have gaming machines have a legal duty to minimise gambling harm. Venue staff also have certain responsibilities to keep gamblers safe.

Gambling host responsibility has some challenges. It’s important to know what the signs of harmful gambling are and how to check in with gamblers about whether they’re ok.

The Health Promotion Agency, in partnership with the Department of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Health, have developed a Gamble Host Pack with resources to support venue staff meet their host responsibility requirements. Resources in this pack include:

  • Gambling Host Responsibility - Guidance for venue staff
  • Everyday Tips for Gambling Hosts
  • Posters and Leaflets
  • Gambling Harm Logbook Template

Visit the Gamblehost website for more information on the Gamble Host Pack and to download the resources.

Problem gambling awareness training

The Gambling (Harm Prevention and Minimisation) Regulations 2004 require that Class 4 licence holders provide problem gambling awareness training to the venue manager and any other staff, so to ensure there is always a trained person at the venue whenever the pokies are available.

It is leading practice that training is available to all staff members who have regular contact with gamblers.

A person who is trained should be able to identify signs of problem gambling, and know how to approach a gambler who is experiencing harm.

The Gamblehost website has useful resources to help operators and staff in their problem gambling awareness training. The pack includes a clear checklist of the most common signs of problem gambling and tips of how staff can interact with gamblers they’re concerned about.

The Department can also help operators by providing information about problem gambling awareness training for staff and the legal harm prevention and minimisation requirements. If you’d like more information please contact the Gambling Group.

Signage for pubs, clubs and casinos

All pubs and clubs with gaming machines and casinos must have problem gambling pamphlets and signs in their venues.

The Gamble Host Pack includes posters and leaflets in multiple languages to help meet these requirements. They can also be printed from the Gamble Host pack below

Related information

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Gambling harm

About gambling harm

Harmful gambling is gambling that causes or may cause harm to an individual, his or her family, or the wider community.

Every two years, New Zealanders are surveyed as to what different kinds of gambling they take part in, and the rates of harm for each kind of gambling. This includes everything from buying a Lotto ticket, to online gambling, casinos and pokies.

For all those who gamble on all forms of gambling, 1.9% are reported as moderate risk and problem gamblers and 3.6% are reported as low risk gamblers.

The survey shows that rates of harm from pokies gambling are higher than those experienced from other forms of gambling. One in five (20%) of people who play pokies are classed as low risk, moderate risk or problem gamblers.

The likelihood of harm is higher for those who play pokies more frequently. Research shows 50.3% of those who played EGMs in pubs or clubs at least once a month experienced some level of gambling harm.

If you want to find out more, see Kupe - Data Explorer (

Sometimes the harm may result from just one gambling session. In other cases, it might be the result of regular gambling sessions over a period of time and involving substantial amounts of money.

The harmful effects of problem gambling can include:

  • Financial problems
  • Problems at work (ranging from poor performance to fraud)
  • Poor parenting and other relationship problems
  • Family violence
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Mental health problems
  • Suicide.

Measures to limit problem gambling

A key intention of the Gambling Act 2003 is controlling the growth of gambling, and preventing and minimising the harm caused by gambling.

To support this, the Gambling (Harm Prevention and Minimisation) Regulations, last amended in March 2015, contain a range of measures including:

  • Restrictions on venues suitable for operating gaming machines
  • No automated teller machines (ATMs) allowed in the gambling area of a venue
  • Maximum stake and prize limits for gaming machines
  • A feature on each gaming machine which interrupts play at intervals of not more than 30 minutes of continuous play (the messages display information about the duration of play, amount of money spent and net wins or losses)
  • Restrictions on jackpot branding and advertising
  • Requirement to give venue staff problem gambling awareness training
  • Requirement to make information about problem gambling available to patrons
  • Ability for venue staff to issue exclusion orders to patrons (See Support services for problem gamblers below)

Gamblers can also request a Multi Venue Exclusion (link to section below) if they want to be excluded from more than one gambling venue.

Problem gambling levy

Problem gambling services are funded through a levy on gambling operators. The levy is collected from the profits of New Zealand’s four main forms of gambling: gaming machines in pubs and clubs; casinos; the New Zealand Racing Board and the New Zealand Lotteries Commission.

The Ministry of Health is responsible for the prevention and treatment of problem gambling, including the funding and co-ordination of problem gambling services.

The current regulations came into force on 1 July 2016.

The levy rates are payable for the period from 1 July 2016 to 30 June 2019 (inclusive).

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Support services for problem gamblers

Self Exclusion Orders

If you think you, or someone you know, may have a gambling problem you may like to consider self-excluding (or talking to your relative / friend about self-excluding) from a gambling venue(s).

Self-exclusion means that if a patron identifies him or herself as a problem gambler they can ask a gambling venue(s) to exclude them from the gambling area of the venue(s) for a period of up to two years.

Multi Venue Exclusion

Multiple Venue Exclusion (MVE) is an extension to single venue self-exclusion. It allows gamblers to self-exclude from multiple venues without having to visit each individual site.
It has been used as an intervention tool in New Zealand since 2004. Since then MVE has evolved and expanded to most parts of the country.

A Multi Venue Exclusion is generally initiated by a problem gambling service provider on behalf of a client who has opted to self-exclude from the gambling venues of their choice. If a gambler requests self-exclusion at a venue, the venue manager must exclude the individual immediately and should help them contact the local MVE coordinator and exclude that gambler from their venue.

Once the exclusion process is initiated, it is a criminal offence to breach an exclusion order and a gambler may face a fine of up to $500 (Section 312, Gambling Act 2003).

Failure by a venue manager to prevent an excluded person entering the gambling area or removing them is also a criminal offence. The penalty for venue managers, or a person acting on their behalf, is a maximum fine of $5,000.

To avoid a conviction venue staff need to prove:

  • Suitable harm minimisation procedures and measures were in place; and
  • The procedures and measures were being implemented.

A survey of stakeholders using MVEs was undertaken in 2015:

The Ministry of Health (the Ministry) and the Department of Internal Affairs (DIA) both have involvement with MVE. The agencies’ individual mandates mean that the Ministry takes the lead regarding the gambling harm prevention and minimisation component while DIA takes the lead regarding regulatory (compliance) issues.

Gambling helpline services

If you think you or someone you know may have a gambling problem, talking to someone can help. Find a problem gambling service near you.

Research and other useful resources

Key facts based on research and other data:

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