The Department of Internal Affairs

The Department of Internal Affairs

Te Tari Taiwhenua

Building a safe, prosperous and respected nation

 

Child safety online

We have also compiled a selection of useful links to other websites related to Internet safety, censorship and child safety issues, including some interactive sites for children.

Overview

Traditionally, online services have been oriented towards adults, but that's changing. The majority of schools are now online and in many homes children are logging on to commercial services, private bulletin boards and the Internet. As a parent you need to understand the nature of these systems.

Online services are maintained by commercial, self-regulated businesses that may screen or provide controls, when possible, over the material contained on their systems.

Computer Bulletin Boards, called BBS systems, can be operated by individuals, businesses, or organisations. The material presented is usually theme oriented offering information on hobbies and interests. While there are BBS systems that feature adult oriented material, most attempt to limit minors from accessing the information contained in those systems

The Internet, a global 'network of networks', is not governed by any entity. This leaves no limits or checks on the kind of information that is maintained by and accessible to Internet users.

The vast array of services that you currently find online is constantly growing.

Reference information such as news, weather, sports, stock market quotes, movie reviews, encyclopaedias, and airline fares are readily available online. Users can conduct transactions such as trading stocks, travel reservations, banking, and shopping online.

Millions of people communicate through electronic mail (email) with family and friends around the world, and others use the public message boards to make new friends who share common interests. Users can learn about virtually any topic, take a course, or play an endless number of computer games with other users or against the computer itself.

Most people who use online services have mainly positive experiences. But, like any endeavour - travelling, cooking, or attending school - there are some risks. The online world, like the rest of society, is made up of a wide array of people. Most are decent and respectful, but some may be rude, obnoxious, insulting, or even mean and exploitative.

Children and teenagers get a lot of benefit from being online, but they can also be targets of crime and exploitation in this as in any other environment. Trusting, curious, and anxious to explore this new world and the relationships it brings, children and teenagers need parental supervision and common sense advice on how to be sure that their experiences in cyberspace are happy, healthy, and productive.

Putting the issue in perspective

Although there have been some highly publicised cases of abuse involving computers, reported cases are relatively infrequent. Of course, like most crimes against children, many cases go unreported, especially if the child is engaged in an activity that he or she does not want to discuss with a parent.

The fact that crimes are being committed online, however, is not a reason to avoid using these services. To tell children to stop using these services would be like telling them to stop attending school because students are sometimes bullied.

A better strategy would be for children to learn how to be "street smart" in order to better safeguard themselves in any potentially dangerous situation.

What are the risks?

There are a few risks for children who use online services.

Teenagers are particularly at risk because they often use the computer unsupervised and because they are more likely than younger children to participate in online discussions regarding companionship, relationships, or sexual activity.

Some risks a child could encounter while online are:

  • Exposure to Inappropriate Material of a sexual or violent nature
  • Physical Molestation - a child might provide information or arrange an encounter that could risk his or her safety or the safety of other family members. In a few cases, paedophiles have used online services and bulletin boards to gain a child's confidence and then arrange a face-to-face meeting
  • Harassment - a child could encounter email or bulletin board messages that are harassing, demeaning, or belligerent.

How parents can reduce the risks

Most online services and Internet providers allow parents to limit their children's access to certain services and features such as adult oriented 'chat' and bulletin boards. Check for these when you first subscribe.

There are now programmes designed specifically to enable parents to prevent children from accessing inappropriate materials on the Internet. These tools, while not foolproof, are useful for helping parents control children's access. But they cannot take the place of parental involvement and supervision.

The Internet and some private bulletin boards contain areas designed specifically for adults who wish to post, view, or read sexually explicit material. Most private bulletin board operators who post such material limit access to people who attest that they are adults. But, like any other safeguards, be aware that there are always going to be cases where adults fail to enforce them or children find ways around them.

The best way to assure that your children are having positive online experiences is to stay in touch with what they are doing. One way to do this is to spend time with your children while they're online. Have them show you what they do and ask them to teach you how to access the services.

While children and teenagers need a certain amount of privacy, they also need parental involvement and supervision in their daily lives. The same general parenting skills that apply to the real world, also apply while online.

If you have cause for concern about your children's online activities, talk to them. Also seek out the advice and counsel of other computer users in your area and become familiar with literature on these systems. Open communication with your children, use of such computer resources, and getting online yourself will help you obtain the full benefits of these systems and alert you to any potential problem that may occur with their use.

Online safety guidelines

Online safety guidelines for parents

By taking responsibility for your children's online computer use, parents can greatly minimise any potential risks of being online.

  • Never give out identifying information (i.e. home address, school name, or telephone number) in a public message such as chat or bulletin boards.
  • Be sure you're dealing with someone that both you and your child know and trust before giving it out via email.
  • Think carefully before revealing any personal information such as age, marital status, or financial information.
  • Consider using a pseudonym or unlisting your child's name if your service allows it.
  • Get to know the services your child uses. If you don't know how to log on, get your child to show you. Find out what types of information it offers and whether there are ways for parents to block objectionable material.
  • Never allow a child to arrange a face-to-face meeting with another computer user without parental permission. If a meeting is arranged, make the first one in a public spot, and be sure to accompany your child.
  • Never respond to messages or bulletin board items that are suggestive, obscene, belligerent, threatening, or make you feel uncomfortable. Encourage your children to tell you if they encounter such messages.If you or your child receives a message that is harassing, of a sexual nature, or threatening, forward a copy of the message to your service provider and ask for their assistance.
  • Should you become aware of the viewing or exchange of child pornography while online, immediately report this to the Department of Internal Affairs' Censorship Compliance Unit - email censorship@dia.govt.nz. You should also notify your service provider.Remember that people online may not be who they seem. Because you can't see or even hear the person it would be easy for someone to misrepresent him or herself (i.e. someone indicating that 'she' is a '12-year-old girl' could in reality be a 40-year-old man).
  • Remember that everything you read online may not be true. Any offer that's 'too good to be true' probably is.Be very careful about any offers that involve your coming to a meeting or having someone visit your house.Set reasonable rules and guidelines for computer use by your children (see: Online Safety Rules for Children below). Discuss these rules and post them near the computer as a reminder.
  • Remember to monitor their compliance with these rules, especially when it comes to the amount of time your children spend on the computer. A child or teenager's excessive use of online services or bulletin boards, especially late at night, may be a clue that there is a potential problem.Remember that personal computers and online services should not be used as electronic babysitters.
  • Consider keeping the computer in a family room rather than the child's bedroom. Get to know their 'online friends' just as you get to know all of their other friends.

We suggest you print the following online safety rules and post them by your computer.

Online safety rules for children

I will not give out personal information such as my address, telephone number, parents' work address/telephone number, or the name and location of my school without my parents' permission.

  • I will tell my parents right away if I come across any information that makes me feel uncomfortable.
  • I will never agree to get together with someone I 'meet' online without first checking with my parents. If my parents agree to the meeting, I will be sure that it is in a public place and bring my mother or father along.
  • I will never send a person my picture or anything else without first checking with my parents.
  • I will not respond to any messages that are mean or in any way make me feel uncomfortable. It is not my fault if I get a message like that. If I do, I will tell my parents right away so that they can contact the online service.
  • I will talk with my parents so that we can set up rules for going online. We will decide upon the time of day that I can be online, the length of time I can be online, and appropriate areas for me to visit. I will not access other areas or break these rules without their permission

(Based on material supplied by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, 2101 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 550, Arlington, Virginia 22201-3052, USA.)

Online safety agreement for children

Thumbnail image of the Online Safety Guidelines

The Internet is a great place to be, but there are risks. Some of the people you meet may not be who they seem to be. Some could try to cheat or hurt you. You may also come across things which are against the law - even for you to have on your computer.

To play it safe, follow these guidelines:

  • Don't give out personal information without your parents' or teacher's permission. That includes things like your address, telephone number or the school you go to, or details about your parents. Never agree to get together with anyone you meet on the Internet without checking with your parents first.
  • If you are going to meet with someone you have met on the Internet, make sure it is in a public place and take your mother or father along.
  • Never send anyone your picture or anything else without checking with your parents or teacher.
  • Tell your parents right away if you come across information that makes you uncomfortable so that they can contact the online service.
  • Agree with your parents about the time of day you can go online, how long you can stay online, and what sort of areas you can visit.

Agreement:

I agree that I will only go on to the Internet between the hours of .......... and ..........

I will not spend more than .......... hours at a time on the Internet

I may visit areas to do with ....................................................................

I will not visit areas to do with .................................................................

If I want to change this agreement, I will ask my parents first

Signed .....................................

Date ........................................