The Department of Internal Affairs

The Department of Internal Affairs

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Services › Anti-Money Laundering › Codes of Practice and Guidelines

User Guide: Annual AML/CFT Report

The annual report is a requirement under section 60 of New Zealand's Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism Act 2009. The User Guide: AML/CFT Report is designed to help reporting entities complete their annual reports. The form and content of the annual report is prescribed in The Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism (Requirements and Compliance) Amendment Regulations 2013.

Identity Verification Code of Practice

Amended Identity Verification Code of Practice 2013

On 10 October 2013 an Amended Identity Verification Code of Practice was gazetted under section 64 of the Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing of Terrorism Act 2009 (AML/CFT Act). The amendments come into force on 1 November 2013.
The Explanatory Note summarise recent changes to the code and should be read in conjunction with the Identity Verification Code of Practice 2011 (below).

Key changes to the Code of Practice

Part 1: Documentary Identity Verification
  • Adjustment to the national identity card information to recognise some countries don’t use signatures but may use other biometric measure.
Part 2: Document Certification
  • Inclusion of international certification requirements
  • Clarification that a trusted referee cannot be a person involved in the actual business/financial transaction requiring the certification
Part 3: Electronic Identity Verification
  • Inclusion of a description of electronic identity and the subsequent verification
  • Inclusion of the ability to rely on a single independent electronic source of verification when that source establishes a high level of confidence
  • Removal of reference to address as identity verification. NB. This does not detract from the use of address as a key element of customer due diligence.

Identity Verification Code of Practice 2011

On 1 September 2011 the Identity Verification Code of Practice 2011 was gazetted. The code came into full force on 30 June 2013. This code of practice will help reporting entities verify the name and date of birth of customers (that are natural persons) they have assessed as low to medium risk.
This code covers documentary identity verification, document certification and electronic identity verification.

Reporting entities may use this code to comply with customer due diligence requirements as required by the following sections of the AML/CFT Act:
  • Section 16 – standard customer due diligence: verification of identity requirements
  • Section 20 – simplified customer due diligence: verification of identity requirements
  • Section 24 – enhanced customer due diligence: verification of identity requirements
  • Section 28 – wire transfers: verification of identity requirements.
Complying with a code of practice is not mandatory, although it constitutes a safe harbour. If a reporting entity fully complies with the code it is deemed to be compliant with the relevant parts of the AML/CFT Act. If a reporting entity opts not to comply, it must notify its supervisor that it is opting out and adopt practices that are equally effective, otherwise it risks non-compliance.

The Identity Verification Code of Practice was replaced by the Amended Identity Verification Code of Practice 2013 (above).

Wire Transfers

This guideline is designed to help reporting entities understand the definition of wire transfer under the AML/CFT Act and sets out the minimum requirements for parties to a wire transfer.

Territorial Scope of the AML/CFT Act 2009

This guideline is designed to help reporting entities understand the territorial scope of the AML/CFT Act and assist them to determine whether they have obligations under the Act.

Beneficial Ownership Guideline

A key task in meeting the requirements of the AML/CFT Act is to identify and verify customers’ beneficial ownership arrangements. This guideline is to assist reporting entities in meeting the requirement to perform customer due diligence on the customer and beneficial owners of the customer.

Customer Due Diligence Fact Sheets

These fact sheets are designed to help reporting entities understand the identification and verification requirements for different types of customers. The fact sheets should be read in conjunction with the beneficial ownership guideline.

Guideline for Audits of Risk Assessments and AML/CFT Programmes

This guideline is designed to help reporting entities with the requirement to audit their AML/CFT risk assessment and AML/CFT programme. The guideline provides an overview of the what to consider when arranging and carrying out the audit.

Countries Assessment Guideline

This guideline is designed to help reporting entities decide when an assessment of another country's AML/CFT regulatory environment is required, and provides guidance on how to undertake this assessment.

Designated Business Groups Guideline

Scope Guideline

This guideline is designed to assist reporting entities to understand which obligations may be shared by members of a designated business group.

Formation Guideline

This guideline is designed to help reporting entities understand the process for forming a Designated Business Group. This guideline highlights the eligibility criteria and election process, and explains the process for notifying an AML/CFT supervisor of the formation of a DBG, any addition or withdrawal of a member, or any change in details.

Risk Assessment Guideline

The AML/CFT Risk Assessment Guideline is designed to help reporting entities conduct a risk assessment, as required under section 58 of the AML/CFT Act.
A risk assessment is the first step a business must take before developing an anti-money laundering and countering financing of terrorism programme. It involves identifying and assessing the risks the business reasonably expects to face from money laundering and financing of terrorism. Once a risk assessment is completed, a business must then put in place a programme that minimises or mitigates these risks. Further guidance will be provided on the compliance programme at a later date.

AML/CFT Programme Guideline

The guideline is designed to help reporting entities develop their AML/CFT programme as required under section 56 of the AML/CFT Act. The guideline sets out the minimum requirements for a AML/CFT programme and outlines who is responsible for a reporting entity's AML/CFT programme. Reporting entities must have established an AML/CFT programme when the Act comes fully into force on 30 June 2013 (unless they are exempt from this requirement).

In the Ordinary Course of Business Guideline

This guideline is designed to help clarify the meaning of the phrase “in the ordinary course of business” in the definition of
financial institution in the AML/CFT Act.

The meaning of this phrase is important if your business carries on an activity that is listed under the definition of financial institution. If the activity is in your “ordinary course of business”, your business will be a reporting entity under the Act. Following this guideline is not mandatory. Reporting entities may choose to carry out their risk assessment using alternative methodologies, as long as they comply with the AML/CFT Act.


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